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5th International One Health Congress – a reflection
BMC Blogs Network (blog)
Tuesday, June 26, 2018.

5th International One Health Congress – a reflection

One Health regards the health of humans, animals and the environment as being interconnected, so when we look at human health we must also ...

Superbugs: MEPs advocate further measures to curb use of antimicrobials [Using One Health approach]
The European Sting
Friday, June 22, 2018.
 
Superbugs: MEPs advocate further measures to curb use of antimicrobials
Diseases are transmitted from people to animals and vice versa, and that is why we support the holistic approach of the 'One Health' initiative” said ...

 


See the Gear CDC's Disease Detectives [epidemiologists] Use in the Field
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Monday, June 18, 2018.

CDC

See the Gear CDC's Disease Detectives [epidemiologists] Use in the Field


34th World Veterinary Association Congress 5-8th May 2018, Barcelona, Spain Short summary of WVA activities during WVC2018 [including reference to One Health]
Monday, June 18, 2018.

34th World Veterinary Association Congress 5-8th May 2018, Barcelona, Spain Short summary of WVA activities during WVC2018

The 34th World Veterinary Association Congress took place on 5th- 8th May 2018, in Barcelona, Spain, under the Honorary Presidency of the Spanish Royal Family. With participation of delegates from 67 countries, this new edition delivered an excellent scientific program covering different fields of veterinary medicine from innovation and research, veterinary public health to vast aspects of clinical practice.

 

The Opening Ceremony of the WVAC2018 was opened by the presidents of the College of Veterinarians of Barcelona, General Council of the Spanish Colleges of Veterinarians and the World Veterinary Association welcoming the delegates. The Opening Ceremony continued with presentations by the Secretary General of the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture and Food and the Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality, Mrs. Dolors Montserrat i Montserrat. Both highlighted the importance of the One Health concept and the major role of the veterinary profession for the Spanish and European society. Those topics were also highlighted by Vytenis Andriukaitis, the EU Commissioner for Health & Food Safety who also emphasized the importance of the profession in Europe for the wellbeing of society and welfare of animals and the need for collaboration with other health professionals. ...”

 

 

 

 


5th International One Health Congress, 22-25 June 2018
One Health Platform Foundation
Monday, June 18, 2018.
5th International One Health Congress, 22-25 June 2018
The final programme of the world's premier One Health congress is now available. Registration is still possible!
World Bank One Health Operational Framework 
The World Bank has released an Operational Framework for Strengthening Human, Animal and Environmental Public Health Systems at their interface (“One Health Operational Framework”). This new framework, developed in partnership with EcoHealth Alliance, aims to provide a basis for understanding and implementing a One Health approach in global and country investments. Building on World Bank’s prior “People, Pathogens, and our Planet” reports, it examines the strategic context, rationale and case for investing in One Health, provides an inventory of tools and other resources from the human health, agriculture, environment and disaster risk reduction sectors to facilitate multi-sectoral coordination, and incudes technical guidance for appropriate One Health entry points and operations along the prevent-detect-respond-recover spectrum of preparedness.
Free download
<Paper> Core Competencies in One Health Education: What Are We Missing
Ensuring appropriate education and training across human, animal, and environmental health to respond to today’s public health threats is critical - but not easy. The growing trend in One Health educational programs is an important step, though it has been unclear if and how core competencies are applied. 

The authors of the newest National Academy of Medicine (NAM) Perspectives paper assess the evolution of existing One Health core competencies and provide an analysis of One Health degree programs across the US including key areas represented, knowledge gaps, and recommended improvements for preparing future One Health leaders.
More information
Your feedback is requested on The Sustainability of One Health Coordination
The USAID-funded Preparedness and Response (P&R) Project is conducting a pairwise survey to better understand the factors that make One Health coordination and collaboration sustainable. Preliminary results from the survey will be shared at the upcoming International One Health Congress in Saskatoon during the SPI track session “Making One Health operational: the barriers to change glimmers of hope.” Please take a few minutes to participate in the pairwise wiki survey here.

If you have any questions on the survey or would like to see the final report, please feel free to contact Robert Salerno at Robert_Salerno@dai.com.

 


Old-World Virus, New Tricks: Inside Kerala’s Quest To Contain The Deadly Nipah Virus
Huffington Post
Thursday, June 14, 2018.

Old-World Virus, New Tricks: Inside Kerala’s Quest To Contain The Deadly Nipah Virus

SEE in full: https://www.huffingtonpost.in/2018/05/24/old-world-virus-new-tricks-inside-kerala-s-quest-to-contain-the-deadly-nipah-virus_a_23443118/

 

...The animal health department is collecting samples of rats, bats and other species to find the Nipah reservoir host. Samples are being analyzed by the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases in Bhopal.

"This is a very good example of the One Health approach, where animal and human health and public health, the administration, state government, central government all coming together and containing this outbreak," said Arunkumar of Manipal.

 

“... Almost three-fourths of all diseases that afflict humans originate in animals, and a new zoonosis has been emerging or re-emerging every year. SARS, MERS-CoV, Ebola and H5N1 have all sparked fear and cost the global economy tens of billions of dollars.

 

In the early 2000s, a trio of scientists in the U.S. recognized that animal and human health are intricately connected. They advocated for a "One Health" approach that integrates human health, animal health, agriculture and the environment to respond to and avoid outbreaks. Few nations have so far taken a pro-active approach to stopping animal-to-human transmission before they happen, according to various studies. Health systems, including India's, are focused instead on stopping pandemics, through quarantine, drugs and vaccines.

The animal health department is collecting samples of rats, bats and other species to find the Nipah reservoir host. Samples are being analyzed by the National Institute of High Security Animal Diseases in Bhopal.

 

Some aspects of the approach found takers in India in 2005 following an H5N1 avian flu outbreak. For the first time, animal, environment, wildlife and human health departments coordinated to monitor and develop avian influenza contingency plans. South Asia, and India in particular, is a hotspot for emerging and re-emerging zoonosis due to its tropical forests, high biodiversity, high poverty rate and a large number of people living in close proximity to animals.

 

Since then, the Indian government has been setting up a network of virus detection labs. With help from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, it has set up more Biosafety Level- 3 and 4 labs where scientists can safely study the most dangerous viruses. ...”


The One Health Initiative: The Collaboration between Human and Animal Medicine
Women's International Pharmacy
Monday, June 11, 2018.

Women's International Pharmacy Logo

The One Health Initiative: The Collaboration between Human and Animal Medicine

Written by Carol Petersen, RPh, CNP – Women’s International Pharmacy

The idea of a “One Health” organization started with the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). In 2006, they created a multidisciplinary task force of representatives from different health professions to explore the possibility of working together on solutions and treatments.

The resulting One Health Initiative promotes active collaboration among professionals caring for animals and professionals caring for humans. Their vision statement says that they are “dedicated to improving the lives of all species, human and animal, through the integration of human medicine, veterinary medicine and environmental science.” ...

SEE: https://www.womensinternational.com/one-health-initiative/.

 

 


Overview of Zoonotic Diseases in Turkey: The One Health Concept and Future Threats
Turkiye Parazitol Derg 2018; 42: 39-80
Sunday, June 10, 2018.

Overview of Zoonotic Diseases in Turkey: The One Health Concept and Future Threats

ABSTRACT

Zoonotic infections are globally important diseases and lead to huge economic losses in both low- and middle-income and high-income countries. Global warming, environmental and ecological changes, illegal movement of animals and humans, regional civil wars, and poverty are predisposing factors for the emergence of zoonotic infections and their distribution worldwide; they are also a big threat for the future. In addition, environmental pollution and antimicrobial resistance are immense serious threats and dangers to prevent and control zoonotic infections. The natural location of Turkey allows many emerged or re-emerged infections with zoonotic characteristics by animal movements, such as bird immigrations, and by human movements due to civil wars as seen with regional refugees. Numerous zoonotic diseases, including 37 bacterial, 13 fungal, 29 viral, 28 parasitic (3 trematodes, 7 cestodes, 10 nematodes, and 8 protozoan), and totally 107 infections, have been reported from Turkey to date. Additionally, many ectoparasitic zoonoses within 15 different arthropod groups and one leech infestation have been reported from Turkey to date. The “One Health” initiative is particularly relevant for developing strategies to combat zoonotic diseases. In this article, we review the occurrence of zoonotic diseases in man and animals in Turkey in the light of the “One Health” perspective.

http://www.turkiyeparazitolderg.org/sayilar/71/buyuk/39-80.pdf

 

 

 


One Health Day - June 3, 2018
Friday, June 08, 2018.

https://www.onehealthcommission.org/documents/filelibrary/events_and_calendar/oh_day/OHD_2017_block_image_CC1A02CF473C6.jpg

One Health Day 2018 Launch Press release

One Health Day is an international, global campaign coordinated by the One Health Commission www.onehealthcommission.org, the One Health Initiative Autonomous pro bono Team www.onehealthinitiative.com and the One Health Platform Foundation www.onehealthplatform.com.


Emergence and Evolution of Novel Reassortant Influenza A Viruses in Canines in Southern China
American Society for Microbiology - An open access Journal
Thursday, June 07, 2018.

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http://mbio.asm.org/content/9/3/e00909-18

Emergence and Evolution of Novel Reassortant Influenza A Viruses in Canines in Southern China

ABSTRACT

The capacity of influenza A viruses (IAVs) to host jump from animal reservoir species to humans presents an ongoing pandemic threat. Birds and swine are considered major reservoirs of viral genetic diversity, whereas equines and canines have historically been restricted to one or two stable IAV lineages with no transmission to humans. Here, by sequencing the complete genomes of 16 IAVs obtained from canines in southern China (Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region [Guangxi]) in 2013 to 2015, we demonstrate that the evolution of canine influenza viruses (CIVs) in Asian dogs is increasingly complex, presenting a potential threat to humans. First, two reassortant H1N1 virus genotypes were introduced independently from swine into canines in Guangxi, including one genotype associated with a zoonotic infection. The genomes contain segments from three lineages that circulate in swine in China: North American triple reassortant H3N2, Eurasian avian-like H1N1, and pandemic H1N1. Furthermore, the swine-origin H1N1 viruses have transmitted onward in canines and reassorted with the CIV-H3N2 viruses that circulate endemically in Asian dogs, producing three novel reassortant CIV genotypes (H1N1r, H1N2r, and H3N2r [r stands for reassortant]). CIVs from this study were collected primarily from pet dogs presenting with respiratory symptoms at veterinary clinics, but dogs in Guangxi are also raised for meat, and street dogs roam freely, creating a more complex ecosystem for CIV transmission. Further surveillance is greatly needed to understand the full genetic diversity of CIV in southern China, the nature of viral emergence and persistence in the region’s diverse canine populations, and the zoonotic risk as the viruses continue to evolve.

IMPORTANCE Mammals have emerged as critically underrecognized sources of influenza virus diversity, including pigs that were the source of the 2009 pandemic and bats and bovines that harbor highly divergent viral lineages. Here, we identify two reassortant IAVs that recently host switched from swine to canines in southern China, including one virus with known zoonotic potential. Three additional genotypes were generated via reassortment events in canine hosts, demonstrating the capacity of dogs to serve as “mixing vessels.” The continued expansion of IAV diversity in canines with high human contact rates requires enhanced surveillance and ongoing evaluation of emerging pandemic threats.


 
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