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U. S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Stay Healthy Around Animals - Wednesday, December 27, 2017


Stay Healthy Around Animals

Saving Lives, Protecting People.
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One Health

Our recent work to connect human, animal, and environmental health in the US and around the world.


December 2017

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Stay Healthy Around Animals



Interacting with animals at zoos and other animal exhibits can be fun and educational. But even the animals we see at the zoo can carry harmful germs that make us sick. Animals can spread harmful germs even if they’re healthy and look normal.


Stay healthy around animals by following these tips:


  • Always wash your hands with soap and water right after visiting animals.
  • Never eat, drink, or put anything in your mouth around animals.
  • Older adults, pregnant women, young children, and people with weakened immune systems should be extra careful around animals.


 If you work at a zoo or animal exhibit, check out the updated Compendium of Measures to Prevent Disease Associated with Animals in Public Settings.


 See More Information on How to Stay Healthy at Animal Exhibits


Find updates about One Health, diseases spread between humans and animals, new infographics, and much more on our home page.

Brief Definitions of One Health and One Health approach - Tuesday, December 26, 2017




One Health is the collaborative efforts of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally, and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals, plants and our environment.

One Health implementation will help protect and/or save untold millions of lives in our generation and for those to come.


 Between animal and human medicine there are no dividing lines--nor should there be.  The object is different but the experience obtained constitutes the basis of all medicine.”

  --Rudolf Virchow, MD (the father of cellular pathology)--


A brief definition of One Health:

One Health is the integrative effort of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally, and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals, and the environment. Together, the three make up the One Health triad, and the health of each is inextricably connected to the others in the triad.


A brief definition of the One Health approach:

One Health recognizes that the health of people is connected to the health of animals and the environment. The goal of One Health is to encourage the collaborative efforts of multiple disciplines-working locally, nationally, and globally-to achieve the best health for people, animals, and our environment.

An outstanding USA One Health institution… University of Georgia - Saturday, December 23, 2017

An outstanding USA One Health institution…




Division of One Health

One Health describes the collaborative effort of multiple disciplines – working locally, nationally, and internationally – to attain optimal health for people, animals and our environment.

The Division of One Health at the UGA Biomedical and Health Sciences Institute seeks to promote and expand the ongoing One Health efforts of UGA faculty, students and staff who share One Health’s unified vision towards combating today’s global health threats.

See more:

Preventing an "Outbreak Anywhere" from Becoming an "Outbreak Everywhere" - Friday, December 22, 2017
Preventing an "Outbreak Anywhere" from Becoming an "Outbreak Everywhere"
Zoonotic diseases are one place to start as more than 60% of known diseases spread from animals and roughly 75% of new or emerging diseases in humans spread from animals. The concept of One Health (ie, that the health of humans is connected to that of animals and the environment) plays an ...
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National Directory Makes Reporting Animal and Human Abuse Easier (USA) - Tuesday, December 19, 2017


National Directory Makes Reporting Animal and Human Abuse Easier



Coordinator, The National Link Coalition (USA)

(The National Resource Center on The Link Between Animal Abuse and Human Violence)

A cross-disciplinary movement began taking shape within the animal protection field in the 1990s that parallels One Health. This movement, called “The Link,” focuses on areas where animal abuse and interpersonal violence intersect. Fueled by empirical literature demonstrating that animal abuse often predicts or indicates co-occurring child maltreatment, domestic violence and elder abuse, significant achievements in public policy, community services, and public and professional awareness have ensued. 

The newest development is the National Directory of Abuse Investigation Agencies. Currently, 36 states mandate or permit veterinarians to report suspected animal abuse, paralleling the imperative among physicians to prevent child abuse. Diagnostic literature, training curricula, veterinary associations’ support, and practice management guidelines have facilitated such reporting, but the last missing link was widespread confusion on the local level among practitioners who do not  know where to report their suspicions.

The free Directory, available at, solves this problem. It lists specific agencies in over 6,500 cities and counties that investigate allegations of animal cruelty, abuse and neglect.

The Directory also identifies each state’s hotlines to report other family violence. Veterinarians are mandated reporters of child and elder abuse in 23 states. Humane and animal control officers are similarly mandated in 29 states.

The Directory is needed because the investigation of animal welfare complaints is not systematized. Depending on the jurisdiction, reports may be investigated by a humane society, SPCA, animal control/services, police, or sheriff. Meanwhile, contrary to popular opinion, local humane societies and SPCAs are not branches of national organizations.

“Veterinarians often encounter a bureaucratic runaround,” said Phil Arkow, National Link Coalition Coordinator.  “Unlike the simplified hotlines for child, domestic and elder abuse, animal protection is fragmented with no statewide coordination. Each agency operates independently with varying degrees of enforcement, resources, training, capacity, and priorities.

“A caller to an animal shelter may be told to call law enforcement; the police or sheriff may say they are not trained in animal welfare issues and to call animal control. The result is a veterinarian who gives up in frustration and animal abuse that goes unresolved. The Directory cuts through the confusion.”

The Directory cautions that in many under-represented areas, cruelty investigations default to police or sheriffs whose enforcement may not be vigorous, particularly in smaller communities. “But animal cruelty is a crime like any other they are required to investigate, and law enforcement officers need to know this,” he said.

Veterinarians are reminded that they are medical, not legal, experts, and that determining whether a situation is prosecutable can be determined only by the courts. Veterinarians do not have to “know” if a condition is cruelty: their role is to be the animals’ first line of defense; to report and document findings for further investigation; and to present them in a court of law if necessary.

Awareness of the links between animal and human violence has resulted in:


  • All 50 states now define some animal abuses as felonies, compared with only 5 in 1990.
  • 32 states allow courts to include pets and livestock in domestic violence protection orders.
  • Alaska and Illinois now allow courts to award custody of pets in divorce settlements in the animals’ best interests, similar to child custody provisions.
  • Over 100 domestic violence shelters now also accommodate pets, and 600 others have off-site foster care, to eliminate the barrier to safety for women who fear what will befall their pets if they leave abusive situations.
  • The FBI now includes physical abuse, animal hoarding and neglect, animal fighting, and animal sexual abuse in its National Incident Based Reporting System. These data will illuminate, for the first time, the prevalence of animal abuse in the U.S.
  • Prosecutors and law enforcement agencies are assigning personnel to investigations and prosecutions of cruelty cases.
  • Veterinary forensic science has become a specialized discipline to train veterinarians in crime scene, histopathology, necropsy and diagnostic skills long employed in human medicine.
  • Veterinarians, dentists and hairdressers have been identified as the three professions most likely to encounter abused women. Veterinarians in Scotland and New Zealand are ardently supporting programs to end domestic violence.
  • Veterinary Social Work addresses the “human side” of veterinary medicine and the “animal side” of social work. Social workers are learning that the definition of family often includes companion animals and that social services interventions often involve animal issues.

Phil Arkow is Coordinator of the National Link Coalition, a network of 3,400 multidisciplinary professionals which since 2008 has served as the National Resource Center on the Link Between Animal Abuse and Human Violence. He may be reached at

                -- Writings/Vets-One Health 2018.doc

Ohio State Global One Health initiative (GOHi) – USA - Friday, December 15, 2017


Ohio State Global One Health initiative (GOHi) – USA

Columbus, Ohio (USA)



he Ohio State University’s Global One Health initiative (GOHi) is the university’s largest interdisciplinary example of institutional teamwork operating on a global scale. GOHi improves the health of communities, build’s capacity among public health professionals and provides learning opportunities for students, faculty, staff and scientists in academic settings around the world. Founded in 2009 by a team of diverse faculty at Ohio State, GOHi actively helps those in need across the United States, Eastern Africa, Central and South America and Southeast Asia.

GOHi’s mission is to expand capacity globally for One Health via applied education, training, research and outreach to more efficiently and effectively address causes and effects of diseases at the interface of humans, animals, plants and the environment. Achieving these goals will fulfill GOHi’s ultimate vision to have capable professionals and institutional systems working together to support and advance a healthy, enduring global community. With these strategies in place, GOHi believes the One Health approach can be a model for academic institutions to develop systems to effectively build capacity for other complex issues such as climate change, food security and many other challenges facing the world today.

“The future of One Health is becoming more and more critical because of current global dynamics. The human population is projected to reach 9.6 billion by 2050, and that is associated with increased urbanization and deforestation,” said GOHi Executive Director, *Professor Wondwossen Gebreyes. “All of those factors have potential to increase the devastating impact of disease.”

GOHi activities and events within the past year have included:

  • Coordinating and managing a successful 6th annual One Health Summer Institute in Addis Ababa during in 2017. The annual institute involves numerous faculty from Ohio State and regional partners delivering modular training, workshops, training and applied research opportunities. 

  • Opening its first regional office in Eastern Africa in Addis Ababa. The office will enable GOHi to better address the issues of One Health in the region. Numerous dignitaries from Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, the United States and Ohio State attended the official opening ceremony and celebrated its registration as an international NGO by the Ethiopian Charities and Societies Agency.

  • Partnering with the Federal University of Paraíba, Brazil and University of Nottingham, UK as part of the Global Innovation Initiative (funded by the U.S. Department of State ) to offer extensive training, events and research projects on global antimicrobial resistance issues including genomics, transmission dynamics, intervention and prevention. With new funding from the Brazilian government, the partnership is expanding in a broader area of antimicrobial resistance capacity building.


  • Working with institutions and universities in Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia to establish a One Health Eastern Africa research training (OHEART) program focusing on food, water and vector-borne pathogens. With additional funding through the NIH Fogarty International Center, GOHi is committed to narrowing the gap in scientific knowledge, research capacity, technology transfer and networking, using digital systems.


  • Achieving success with its Curriculum Twinning Program in Veterinary Medicine Assessment in Ethiopia through funding by the World Organization for Animal Health. GOHi is working with 11 veterinary colleges to assess, revise and update core veterinary medicine curriculums. Plans are to expand the twinning program to other countries and One Health areas.


  • Enrolling participants for the USAID Challenge TB: WHIP3 TB Collaboration with KNCV and Aurum Institute in a clinical trial. Already 878 eligible patients have been enrolled in Ethiopia to optimize TB treatment protocols for HIV positive individuals.  

  • Working on global health security to prevent priority zoonotic diseases (rabies and Brucellosis) and antimicrobial resistance in Ethiopia. This is a cooperative agreement with the CDC and key Ethiopian public health institutes. This past year alone, GOHi, alongside its Ethiopian partners and the CDC, vaccinated over 8,000 dogs in Addis Ababa and trained over 70 physicians and public health practitioners.


  • Collaborating on Epstein-Barr virus cancer research with the Ohio State James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute and Addis Ababa Black Lion Hospital, researching the prevalence of EBV associated cancer in HIV positive individuals and setting the groundwork for vaccine research in the future.


  • Coordinating and managing the 4th biannual International Congress on Pathogens at the Human Animal Interface in Doha, Qatar with partners around the world. The congress had over 250 participants from 30 countries attending. The congress connects international partners and world experts in One Health to accelerate global capacity and knowledge-sharing to reduce the burden of disease, environmental hazards and their risk factors. Currently ICOPHAI has more than 2,100 subscribers from 304 institutes across the globe.


  • Collaborating with the Center for Drug Discovery, Addis Ababa University (project lead) and multiple African countries to identify new therapeutics.


  • Expanding work on whole genome sequencing of foodborne pathogens through its partnership with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration’s Genome Trakr Network, a data bank that provides public health officials and researchers the ability for real time comparison and analysis. Through their collaboration with GOHi, institutions in Mexico, Brazil, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania and Thailand are all contributing data to the network.


    GOHi looks forward to 2018 and continuing to build capacity for One Health locally, nationally and internationally.


    *Dr. Gebreyes is a recognized international One Health leader.


    Provided by:

    Maureen E. Miller
    Director of Communications
    Office of International Affairs
    140 Enarson Classroom Building, 2009 Millikin Road, Columbus, OH 43210
    614-247-2462 Office / 614-307-0062 Mobile;

ONE HEALTH - Where animal and human health intersect: Pan European Networks, Science and Technology DECEMBER 2017 - Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Pan European Networks, Science & Technology


Where animal and human health intersect

December 2017 . Issue 25 (see pages *4 and **166-169)

*First please read Contents Introduction (page 4) by senior editor Clifford Holt includes antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the need for employing a One Health approach for helping to combat this dangerous societal health issue link or see PDF  

**Then read the One Health Initiative team interview (pages 166 – 169)  -  or see PDF

Preliminarily published online or in November 2017.

World physicians’ organization reiterates One Health recognition and support...WONCA E-update Friday December 8, 2017 - Friday, December 08, 2017

World physicians’ organization reiterates One Health recognition and support...

WONCA E-Update
Friday 8th December 2017

“World Organization of Family Doctors

The World Organization of Family Doctors is a global not-for-profit professional organization representing family physicians and general practitioners from all regions of the world.”

WONCA News – November 2017
The latest WONCA News (November 2017) is still accessible via the WONCA website, with lots of WONCA news, views and events. As ever, many articles also appear in Spanish and French. December’s WONCA News will appear over the weekend of 15/16 December.

WONCA Working Party on the Environment: Planetary Health in South America

In August’s WONCA News we included a report from Ralph Guggenheim about using WONCA conferences to promote the issue of planetary health, and he reported on his experiences at WONCA Europe in Prague. Now Paola Rava Dellepiane, WONCA Working Party on the Environment member, writes more on this issue, and describes her experiences at the WONCA Iberoamericana-CIMF Conference, in Lima, Perú, from 17th to 20th  August, 2017. The article also refers to WONCA’s Policy Statement on Planetary Health, which was endorsed by WONCA Executive at its April 2017 meeting.  

WONCA and One Health
Remaining on an environmental theme, a reminder that WONCA is a partner with the One Health Initiative. One Health is the collaborative efforts of multiple disciplines working locally, nationally, and globally to attain optimal health for people, animals, plants and our environment. We’re proud to be one of a long and prestigious list of supporters, and encourage anyone with an interest in health and the environment to access their website for further information.

 “Between animal and human medicine there are no dividing lines--nor should there be. The object is different but the experience obtained constitutes the basis of all medicine.”
 Rudolf Virchow, MD (the father of cellular pathology)


PHYSICIANS’ World Organization of Family Doctors (WONCA) issues One Health Letter of Support – Posted One Health Initiative website July 2, 2015 - Friday, July 03, 2015

PHYSICIANS’ World Organization of Family Doctors (WONCA) issues One Health Letter of Support – July 2, 2015


2nd July 2015


Laura H Kahn, MD, MPH, MPP

Bruce Kaplan, DVM

Thomas P. Monath, MD

One Health Initiative


Dear colleagues


Please find a letter of support, to the OneHealth Initiative, from WONCA - the World Organization of Family Doctors [physicians].



With best regards


Dr. Garth Manning

Chief Executive Officer

World Organization of Family Doctors (WONCA)

12A-05 Chartered Square Building

152 North Sathon Road

Silom, Bangrak

Bangkok 10500


A notable outstanding One Health program...Ohio State Global One Health initiative (GOHi) – USA - Tuesday, December 05, 2017

A notable outstanding One Health program...

Ohio State Global One Health initiative (GOHi) – USA


The Ohio State University
A100R Sisson Hall
1920 Coffey Rd.
Columbus, Ohio 43210 (USA)

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A&W Canada invests in beef, forage research: includes One Health - Monday, December 04, 2017



A&W Canada invests in beef, forage research


“The LFCE project epitomizes the university's One Health initiative, bridging the gaps between human, animal and ecosystem health. This could not be accomplished without a strong network of collaborators, whose support will help position LFCE as a global leader in beef cattle and forage research and ...


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